Geography of japan climate science fair

The climate in Japan is mostly temperate with four distinct seasons, except for the Hokkaido area and the Okinawa region. Tokyo, along with most areas on the main island Honshu, has a humid subtropical climate characterised by warm and wet summers and mild winters.

January is usually the coldest month while August is the hottest month. September and October are the main rainy season, and umbrellas are a daily essential during this period.

Typhoons or tropical cyclones with strong winds and torrential rains often hit Japan during August and September but can occur through May to October.

Strong typhoons often affect transport systems, causing rail and air services to be stopped, and there is a danger of landslides in rural areas.

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Every April, tens of thousands of tourists go to Tokyo, Kyoto and Osaka for the spectacular views of cherry blossom. Equally, many travellers visit in October for the colourful autumnal leaves. Hokkaido, the northernmost island, is also Japan's coldest region. Winters are long and harsh with plenty of snowfall, making it a prime destination for snow sports. Ski resorts here often open from early December to April. In Japan, lightweight cottons and linens are required throughout summer in most areas.

To avoid sunstroke and sunburn, it is advisable to wear a hat. According to the region, light to medium weight clothing is best during spring and autumn; while medium to heavyweight clothing is recommended for winter months. A light raincoat or jacket is useful during the rainy season in the summer and autumn. Much warmer clothes will be needed in the mountains all year round. Thermal innerwear is recommended if trekking, climbing or skiing. The archipelago of Japan is separated from the Asian mainland by the Sea of Japan and split into four main islands: Honshu, Hokkaido, Kyushu and Shikoku.

Japan sits on major seismic fault lines and is susceptible to frequent earthquakes.

Maps of Japan

A series of mountain ranges run from northern Hokkaido to southern Kyushu. The Japanese Alps the most prominent range run in a north-south direction through central Honshu. Lowlands and plains are small and scattered, mostly lying along the coast, and composed of alluvial lowlands and diluvial uplands.

The coastline is very long in relation to the land area and has very varied features. For example, the deeply indented bays with good natural harbours tend to be adjacent to mountainous terrain. Many of Japan's major cities are located on the coastline and have an extremely high population density. Introducing Japan. Plan your trip.

Travel to Japan Where to stay. Before you go. Book your flights. Places in Japan Cities. Kyoto Nagoya Osaka Tokyo. Ski Resorts. Furano Hakuba Niseko Rusutsu. Book a Hotel. All rights reserved There are 6, remote islands. The territory coversThe subduction plates have pulled the Japanese archipelago eastward, created the Sea of Japan and separated it from the Asian continent by back-arc spreading 15 million years ago.

The climate varies from humid continental in the north to humid subtropical and tropical rainforest in the south. These differences in climate and landscape have allowed the development of a diverse flora and faunawith some rare endemic species, especially in the Ogasawara Islands. There are 6, islands in total. Three of the four major islands Honshu, Kyushu and Shikoku are separated by narrow straits of the Seto Inland Sea and form a natural entity. The 6, smaller islands are called remote islands.

The Senkaku Islands are claimed by Japan but disputed by China. In total, as ofJapan's territory isIt is the largest island country in East Asia and 4th largest island country in the world.

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Because of Japan's many far-flung outlying islands and long coastline, the country has extensive marine life and mineral resources in the ocean. It is more than 11 times the land area of the country. Japan has a population of million in Each region contains several prefecturesexcept the Hokkaido region, which comprises only Hokkaido Prefecture.

The regions are not official administrative units, but have been traditionally used as the regional division of Japan in a number of contexts. While Japan has eight High Courts, their jurisdictions do not correspond with the eight regions. Japan's forest cover rate is The only other developed nations with such a high forest cover percentage are Finland and Sweden. Since there is little level ground, many hills and mountainsides at lower elevations around towns and cities are often cultivated.

As Japan is situated in a volcanic zone along the Pacific deeps, frequent low-intensity earth tremors and occasional volcanic activity are felt throughout the islands. Destructive earthquakes occur several times a century.

Hot springs are numerous and have been exploited as an economic capital by the leisure industry. The Geospatial Information Authority of Japan measures Japan's territory annually in order to continuously grasp the state of the national land. As of October 1,Japan's territory isThis table shows the land use in The Japanese archipelago is relatively far away from the Asian continent. That's almost 6 times farther away than from England to France across the English Channel.

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Thus historically Kyushu was the gateway between Asia and Japan. Hokkaido is near Sakhalinwhich was occupied by Japan from to The west coast facing the Sea of Japan is less densely populated. The Japanese archipelago was difficult to reach since before ancient history. Japan's remote location, surrounded by vast seas, rugged, mountainous terrain and steep rivers make it secure against invaders and uncontrolled migration from the Asian continent.

The Japanese can close their civilization with an isolationist foreign policy. During the Edo period the Tokugawa Shogunate enforced the Sakoku policy which prohibited most foreign contact and trade from to Thus Japan is fairly insulated from continental issues. Throughout history, Japan was never fully invaded nor colonized by foreigners.The archipelago of Japan contains over 4, islands stretching along the Pacific coast of East Asiawith four major islands sometimes referred to as the "Home Islands" : Hokkaido, Honshu, Kyushu and Shikoku.

These four islands can be seen on the physical map of the country above. Honshu is the main island of Japan, and largest at miles 1, km in length.

Japan: Facts and History

Dominated by mountains and volcanoes, the massive earthquake of March moved Honshu 7. The second largest, Hokkaido, is also the northernmost of Japan's islands; while on the other end, Kyushu is the most southwesterly.

Shikoku is the smallest and least populous of the four main islands. A long ridge of rugged mountains runs through the heart of Japan, punctuated by steep tree-lined slopes, and deep valleys on the Pacific Ocean side, and lower hills and mountains along the Sea of Japan side.

The main interior mountain ranges include the Akaishi, Hido and Kiso, where elevations typically exceed 9, ft.

The country's highest point, Mt. Fuji, southwest of Tokyo, is a dormant volcano that rises 12, ft. Its position has been marked on the map. The islands of Japan are located on the Ring of Fireand as a result suffer from frequent, violent earthquakes and some serious volcanic activity.

There are a total of active volcanoes within Japan's archipelago, most of which provoke devastating earthquakes and tsunamis several times every century. A small series of plains are situated along the coastal areas. A notable number of very short rivers flow briskly down the mountains into the coastal areas. The largest river in Japan is the Shinano. Japan is divided into 47 prefectures. These are further divided into sub prefectures and smaller subdivisions. Located at the northwest of Tokyo Bay on the Pacific coast of central Honshu Islands — is Tokyo, the capital and largest city of Japan.

The Greater Tokyo Area is the largest, most populous, urbanized metropolitan area in Japan as well as in the entire world. It is located in the Northern and Eastern hemispheres of the Earth. It is bordered by the Sea of Japan in the west. Regional Maps : Map of Asia.

geography of japan climate science fair

The above map represents the main islands of Japan, an island country in East Asia. The map can be downloaded, printed, and used for coloring or educational purpose like map-pointing activities.

Japan Weather, climate and geography

This page was last updated on November 9, Home Asia Japan. Prefectures Map Where is Japan?

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Outline Map Key Facts. See also: Japanese Flag Japanese Symbols. What Is Ecological Succession? Where Is Melanesia? The Kyzylkum Desert.

What Are Flightless Birds? Tokyo 37, Kinki M. Osaka 19, Chukyo M.Japan consists of several thousands of islands, of which Honshu, HokkaidoKyushu and Shikoku are the four largest. Japan's closest neighbors are Korea, Russia and China. The Sea of Japan separates the Asian continent from the Japanese archipelago. Japan's area is comparable to that of Germany or California. Japan's northernmost islands are located on a similar geographical latitude as Milan or Portland, while her southernmost islands are on a similar latitude as the Bahamas.

Japan is politically structured into 8 regions and 47 prefectures. The population of Japan is about , including approximately two million foreign residents. More than half of the non Japanese population is of Korean descent. Because Japan is located in a region, where several continental plates meet, the country experiences frequent earthquakes. For the same reason, there are many volcanoes and natural hot springs in Japan. Japan's most famous volcano and highest mountain is Mt.

Due to the large North-South extension of the country, the climate varies strongly in different regions. The climate in most of the major cities, including Tokyois temperate to subtropic and consists of four seasons.

The winter is mild and the summer is hot and humid. There is a rainy season in early summer, and typhoons hit parts of the country every year during late summer. The climate of the northern island of Hokkaido and the Sea of Japan coast is colder, and snow falls in large amounts. In Okinawaon the other hand, the mean temperature of January is a warm 17 degrees Celsius. Home Back. Location Japan consists of several thousands of islands, of which Honshu, HokkaidoKyushu and Shikoku are the four largest.

Area Japan's area is comparable to that of Germany or California. Population The population of Japan is about , including approximately two million foreign residents.Few nations on Earth have had a more colorful history than Japan. Settled by migrants from the Asian mainland back in the mists of prehistory, Japan has seen the rise and fall of emperors, rule by samurai warriorsisolation from the outside world, expansion over most of Asia, defeat, and rebirth.


One of the most war-like of nations in the early 20th century, Japan today often serves as a voice of pacifism and restraint on the international stage. Capital: Tokyo. Japan has a constitutional monarchyheaded by an emperor. The current emperor is Akihito ; he wields very little political power, serving primarily as the symbolic and diplomatic leader of the country.

The political leader of Japan is the Prime Minister, who heads the Cabinet. Japan's bicameral legislature is made up of a seat House of Representatives and a seat House of Councillors. Japan has a four-tier court system, headed by the member Supreme Court. The country has a European-style civil law system. Japan is home to aboutpeople. Today, the country suffers from a very low birth rate, making it one of the most rapidly aging societies in the world.

The Yamato Japanese ethnic group comprises The other 1. The Ryukyuan people of Okinawa and neighboring islands may or may not be ethnically Yamato.

The vast majority of Japan's citizens 99 percent speak Japanese as their primary language. Japanese is in the Japonic language family, and seems to be unrelated to Chinese and Korean.

However, Japanese has borrowed heavily from Chinese, English, and other languages. In fact, 49 percent of Japanese words are loanwords from Chinese, and 9 percent come from English. Three writing systems coexist in Japan: hiragana, which is used for native Japanese words, inflected verbs, etc.

Most Japanese citizens practice a syncretic blend of Shintoism and Buddhism. Very small minorities practice Christianity, Islam, Hinduism, and Sikhism. The native religion of Japan is Shinto, which developed in prehistoric times. It is a polytheistic faith, emphasizing the divinity of the natural world. Shintoism does not have a holy book or founder. In Japan, Shinto and Buddhist practices are combined into a single religion, with Buddhist temples being built at the sites of important Shinto shrines.

The Japanese archipelago includes more than 3, islands, covering a total area ofsquare kilometerssquare miles. The four main islands, from north to south, are Hokkaido, Honshu, Shikoku, and Kyushu.

geography of japan climate science fair

Japan is largely mountainous and forested, with arable land making up only The highest point is Mount Fuji, at 3, meters 12, feet. The lowest point is Hachiro-gata, which sits at four meters below sea level feet.It is an archipelago that is made up of over 6, islands, the largest of which are Honshu, Hokkaido, Kyushu, and Shikoku. Japan is one of the world's largest countries by population and it has one of the world's largest economies. Japan's first contact with the west was recorded in when a Portuguese ship bound for China landed on Japan instead.

As a result, traders from Portugal, the Netherlands, England, and Spain all began to go to Japan shortly thereafter, as did several different missionaries. In the 17th century, however, Japan's shogun a military leader determined that these foreign visitors were a military conquest and all contact with foreign countries was barred for about years.

Inthe Convention of Kanagawa opened Japan up to relations with the west, causing the shogun to resign which led to the restoration of Japan's emperor as well as the adoption of new, western-influenced traditions. According to the U. Department of State, in the late 19th century Japan's leaders began to view the Korean Peninsula as a threat and from to it was involved in a war over Korea with China and from to it fought a similar war with Russia.

InJapan annexed Korea. With the beginning of World War IJapan began to influence much of Asia which allowed it to quickly grow and expand its Pacific territories. Shortly thereafter it joined the League of Nations and inJapan invaded Manchuria. On September 2,Japan surrendered to the U. As a result of the war, Japan lost its overseas territories, including Korea, and Manchuria went back to China.

In addition, the country fell under the control of the Allies with the goal of making it a democratic self-governing nation. It thus underwent many reforms and in its constitution went into effect and inJapan and the Allies signed the Treaty of Peace. On April 28,Japan gained full independence.

Today, Japan is a parliamentary government with a constitutional monarchy. It has an executive branch of government with a chief of state the Emperor and a head of government the Prime Minister. Japan's legislative branch consists of a bicameral Diet or Kokkai that is made up of the House of Councilors and the House of Representatives. Its judicial branch consists of the Supreme Court. Japan is divided into 47 prefectures for local administration.

Japan's economy is one of the largest and most advanced in the world. It is famous for its motor vehicles and electronics and its other industries include machine tools, steel and nonferrous metals, ships, chemicals, textiles, and processed foods. Its topography consists mainly of rugged mountains and it is a highly geologically active region. In addition, the country has active volcanoes. The climate of Japan varies upon location—it is tropical in the south and cool temperate in the north.

On March 11,Japan was struck by a magnitude 9. The earthquake was so large that it caused a massive tsunami that devastated much of Japan.

The earthquake also caused smaller tsunamis to hit areas across much of the Pacific Ocean, including Hawaii and the west coast of the United States mainland. In addition, the earthquake and tsunami damaged Japan's Fukushima Daiichi nuclear power plant. Additionally, the earthquake was so powerful that it caused the main island of Japan to move eight feet and shifted the Earth's axis. The earthquake is also considered to have been one of the five strongest to have struck since Share Flipboard Email.

Amanda Briney. Geography Expert. Amanda Briney, M. Updated September 02, We look forward to planning another vacation through Nordic Visitor. I am generally accustomed to making my own travel arrangements via the internet, but due to time constraints I decided to choose a travel agent to take care of things for me.

From the first questions to the last, Alexandra at NV was fantastic. She arranged everything as we requested it for our custom tour of the Westfjords of Iceland. She even rearranged accommodations at the last minute at our request and did so graciously and kindly. We fell in love with Iceland and will treasure our visit there for years to come.

If we decided to visit another country serviced by Nordic Visitor Tours, we will once again call on Alex and her team.

Would highly recommend these tours to other people. All information provided was very helpful. She laid out every detail of the trip, provided maps and location of hotels and ferry's we were to cross, and told us what to expect at every stage of the trip.

She then followed up while we were traveling to make sure everything was going good. Her selection of hotels was terrific. This was one of the best trips we have taken and Kolbrun is the best representative with a tour group we have used. We have just returned from a wonderful 15 day tour of Iceland planned by Nordic Visitor. Our agent's name is Alexandra. She was always responsive to the huge number of questions I asked her when planning the trip. Her patience is commendable.

Once Alexandra zeroed in on my love for Puffins, and birds in general, she tailored a wonderful 12 day trip circumnavigating Iceland.

geography of japan climate science fair

We saw so much beauty in Iceland that it is difficult to describe. She also arranged fantastic places for us to stay, starting at the Center Hotel Arnarhvoll in Reykjavik. The information and map were well documented with our route outlined in green and our hotel name and night put in orange.

It was very easy to follow her suggested route and we had a full set of vouchers for each place we stayed, including a gift of the thermal pools in the Lake Myvatn area. My biggest concern was distance between places as it is difficult to plan how long we could stay in one spot before moving on. She worked the kilometers out and gave us an approximate time frame to reach the next destination.

That helped with adding or eliminating the amount of stops we could make. My only regret is having too few days in Iceland as well as several "down days" where we didn't feel like we had to move on so often.

I would highly recommend this company and Alexandra. We even went to the office to meet her and everyone was so warm and hospitable. It was a fantastic trip, with so much to see and do that we would need much more time to do all the walkings and enjoy all the beautiful sceneries. It certainly fulfilled our expectations.

We booked rather late, but our travel adviser was right on top of everything and got our plans quickly in order.

Our plane to Iceland arrived very late, so we were unfortunately unable to meet with her personally. She did, however, make sure we received a travel bag with an excellent personalized tour book and driving map. Our accommodations and highlights the to see along the way were clearly marked, and we were very pleased with every place she recommended.

We saw the beautiful natural features and learned the incredible history of the island along the way.

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